Useful Dry Cargo Chartering Site

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FrankJScott

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Useful Dry Cargo Chartering Site
« on: November 25, 2021, 01:11:08 am »
The General Purpose and Use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers
 
There were many dangers involved when operating seagoing bulk vessels. Shipboard safety issues that are important require cautious planning and prudence. This site is designed to be a quick reference for international shipping communities. It provides details and guidelines for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The site must remain within the limits that are set by the classification society. It is essential to reduce the possibility of ship structure becoming stressed and to follow the safety requirements for safe passage at Sea. You might find useful details on bulk carrier issues on our detailed pages that are geared towards those working on the sea as well as those working ashore.
 
The general characteristics of bulk seagoing ships
Bulk carriers are vessels with a single deck that are equipped with top-side tanks and side tanks. They are designed to carry bulk cargo of a single commodity. Solid bulk cargo includes any material other than liquids or gases that is composed of a mixture of granules and particles. It can be loaded directly into cargo containers without the need for any containment. The most common examples of dry cargo include grains sugar, ores, and sugar in bulk. In the broadest sense, the term bulk carrier embraces all ships designed primarily to transport solid or liquid cargo in bulk form, and so would include tankers. In ordinary usage, however, the term is normally applied to vessels that are designed to transport bulk solid cargos, usually grain and agricultural products similar to it as well as mineral products such as coal, ore, stone and more. in one or more of the voyages.   Check out this supramax bulk carrier specialist for more.
 
 
 
What Exactly Is Bulk Carrier?
 
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
 
-Carrying capacity varying from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers from small to medium size (carrying up to 40 000 tonnes) typically use cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels, however, use shore-based facilities to load and unload.
-Cargo holds that are large have no obstructions and larger hatch sizes to facilitate loading and unloading.
A cargo hold is typically designated as a ballast storage. This is used for ballast voyages to improve stability. For partially ballasting, one or two additional holds might be allowed, however they only at port.
-They are available in one pull, or stacking (piggyback), type hatch covers made of steel.
Four types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom side of wings that are sloping
Double bottom tanks
Peak and after peak water tank.
 
What is bulk cargo that is solid? Solid bulk cargo is any substance other than gases or liquids that is made up of grains, particles or larger pieces, and can be loaded directly into the cargo area without the need for additional containment. Cargoes carried by bulk carriers comprise "clean" foodstuffs as well as "dirty" minerals. They can react one another and with contaminants like water. Thus, it is essential to prepare the cargo space for the particular item being transported. The cargo space must be cleaned in a way that permits loading. Surveyors will often need to inspect the space to ensure it is safe for loading. To prevent contamination, it's essential to eliminate any leftovers from a previous cargo. Damage to bulk cargoes is mostly caused by water, thus it is not enough that the holdings be dry for cargo to be able to enter, but hatch covers must be watertight or, in the event of necessity closed to stop the ingress of water. All fittings inside the holds (pipe guards and bilge covers etc.) need to be inspected. It is crucial to examine every fitting in the cargo hold (ladders and pipe guards, etc.) and ensure they are installed correctly. The equipment could cause damages to conveyor belts, which can cause delays. The ship could be held responsible if they are discharged in error with cargo. Have a look at this ore carrier info for more.
 
 
 
Bulk Carrier, Bulker Bulk Carrier, Bulker? A vessel that can carry dry cargo. It's not meant to be a bulk liquid carrier or tanker. The conventional bulk carrier is built with one deck, a single skin double bottom, topside tanks, and side tanks within cargo spaces. Bulk carriers can be used to transport heavy ore and light grain with their greatest weight. It isn't easy to move, load and disperse dry bulk cargo.
 
Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes are hazardous and may be damaged in transit. Unsafe loading could cause damage to the ship. A wrong loading can result in the ship breaking if you load a forward hold at its maximum. This is called stress. could cause life-threatening consequences during rough seas. The last cargoes may be negatively impacted by residues of previous cargoes. Some bulk cargoes can also be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It is difficult to verify the weights and numbers of cargoes unloaded and loaded. All these factors have serious implications for the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? The bulk cargoes naturally form into circles when loaded on conveyor belts. The angle at which the cone creates is known as the angle or repose'. It varies for each cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes, for example, will make an cone with an angle. Cargoes that are free to move around freely will result in an angle-shaped cone that has a low angle. cargoes with lower angles of repose tend to move more during transit. Bulldozers might need to be utilized with certain cargoes in order to spread the load onto the sides of the hold when the cargo is near to completion. Dry bulk carriers rely on dock facilities for loading and discharging cargo. Bulk carriers can also self-unload using cranes or conveyors that are mounted on deck.